WHO AND WHOM
'Who' is a subjective pronoun, along with 'he', 'she', 'it', 'we', and 'they'. It is used when the pronoun acts as the subject of the clause. 'Whom' is a objective pronoun, along with 'him', 'her', 'it', 'us', and 'them'. It is used when the pronun acts as the object of the clause. Using 'who' or 'whom' depends on whether you are referring to the subject or object of a sentences. When in doubt, substitute 'who' with the subjective pronouns 'he', 'she', e.g. Who loves you? He loves me. Similarly, you can also substitute 'whom' with the objective pronounss 'him', 'her', e.g.. I consulted an attorney whom i met in New York. I consulted him.
WHICH AND THAT
'That' is a restrictive pronoun. It is vital to the noun to which it is referring. E.g., i don't trust fruits and vegetables that aren't organic. Here, i am referring to all non-organic fruits and vegetables. In other words i only trust fruits and vegetables that are organic. 'Which' intruduce a relative clause. It allows qualifiers that may not be essential. E.g., i recommend you eat only organic fruits and vegetables, which are available in area grocery stores. In this case you don't need to go to a specific grocery stores to obtain organic fruits and vegetables. 'Which' qualifies, 'that' restrict. 'Which' is more ambiguous however, and by virtue of its meaning is flexible enough to be used in many restrictive clause. E.g., the house, which is burning, is mine. E.g., the house that is urning is mine.
LAY AND LIE
'Lay is a tansitive verb. It requires a direct subject and one or more objects. Its present tense is 'lay', e.g., i lay the pencil on the table; and its past tense is 'laid', e.g., yesterday i laid the pencil on the table. 'Lie' is a intransitive verb. It needs no object. Its present tense is 'lie', e.g., the Andes mountains lie between Chile and Argentina; and its past tense is ;lay', e.g., the man lay waiting for an ambulance. The most common mistakes occurs when the writer uses the past tense of the transitive 'lay', e.g., i laid on the bed; when he/she actually means the intransitive past tense of 'lie', e.g., i lay on the bed.
CONTINUAL AND CONTINUOUS
They are similar but there is a diference. 'Continual' means something that always occuring, with obvious lapses in time. 'Continuous' means something continues without any stops or gaps in between. E.g., the continual music next door made it the worst night of studing ever. E.g., her continuous talking prevented him from concentrating.
ENVY AND JEALOUSY
The word 'envy' implies a longing for someone else's good fortunes. 'Jealousy' is far more nefarious. It is a fear of rivalry, often present in sexual situations. 'Envy' is when you covet your friend's good looks. 'Jealousy' is what happens when your significant other swoons over your good-looking friend.
MAY AND MIGHT
'May' implies a possibility. 'Might' implies far more uncertainity. 'You may get drunk if you have two shots in tem minutes' implies a real possibility of drunkness. 'You might get a ticket if you operate a tug boat while drunk' implies a possiblity that is far more remote. Someone who says 'I may have more wine' could mean he/she doesn't want more wine right now, or that he/she 'might' not want any at all. Given the speaker's indecision on the matter. 'Might' would be correct.
BRING OR TAKE
In order to employ proper usage of 'bring' or 'take', the writer must know whether the object is being moved toward or away from the subject. If it is toward, use 'bring', if it is away, use 'take'. Your spouse may tell you to 'take your clothes to the cleaners'. The owner of the dry cleaners would say 'bring your clothes to the cleaners'.
Friday, May 27, 2016
- We looked at a few houses before we bought this one.
- We asked the teacher to look through our essays for mistakes.
- Could you look her telefone number up in the dictionary?
- We are looking forward to your visit in September.
- Look out! There is a car coming!
- I'd like to look into the possibility of buying a new house.
- She is looking after the children this weekend.
- She is looking for a new place to live.
- I need to look over your report, I'll get back to you tomorrow.
- He looks to his best friend for advice on business deals.
- Angie doesn't like to look back on her past. She keeps her on the future.
- Feel like to look around the store. Let me know if you need any help.
- Things seem to be looking up at the long last.
- Would you like to take a look at this model?
- The police looked into the crime.
- They used some strong vodka to bring him round.
- I'd like to bring the meeting forward a few hours if that is alright with you,
- I was brought up in the countryside by my aunt.
- I need to bring these books back to the library this afternoon.
- The accident was brought about by his carelees driving.
- I was really happywhen i finally brought that new contract off.
- Smithers brought her latest book out last year.
- The new computer expert was brought in to solve the problem.
- I don't mean to bring you down, but your favorite baseball team lost the game.
- Could i bring up the new subject?
- He brought the rowboat to and let her sister get off?
- I'm afraid he brought his troubles upon himself.
- The policeman brouhgt the criminal down, but unfortunately hurt himself in the act of doing so.
- Did you bring up the subject with your boss?
- The revolution was brought about by the regime's lack of trust.
- Jack took away the plates and brought us the second course. ( removed)
- Let me take you around the office. ( show)
- He took his christmas present back to macys.
- I can't believe how easy it is to take him in.
- He's really starting to take to Sheilla. ( like)
- I think i'll take up golf this year. ( begin a new activity)
- I'd love to take in a good movie tonight.
- The mob wants to take Tony out. ( kill)
- She takes after her father. ( inherit character)
- They took apart the Dolphins last week.
- Has he taken off work recently? ( have a holiday)
- He'll never take what he said back. (admit being wrong)
- I had to take Tim aside. ( speak to privately)
- He took over the company with 400.000 shares. ( win control of)
- He took Sharon out last week. ( date)
- Be careful about what you say. He may take you apart. ( criticize strongly)