M: Hello ,Everyone.Welcome to Englishpod.My name is Macro.
C: My name is Catherine.and today englishpod is in the kitchen.
M:That's right. Today we are going to hit the kitchen and we gonna bake a cake.
C: All right.So check out this dialogue first. When we come back, we will be talking about some very key phrases and words for cooking in English.
M: All right, we are back.Now let's take a look at the some of the key words on language takeaway.
C: First of all, we have special thing to keep our clothes clean while we are cooking.
What is these thing called, Marco?
M: This is called an apron.
C : It is not actually a shirt. It is a piece of fabric that may be you tie around your wrist or around your neck to protect your clothes from flour , butter and oil.
M: That's right.It is very common to wear an apron while you are cooking or may be while you are cleaning the house of the kitchen in order to avoid getting dirty like you said.And we gonna start baking our cake. For the first thing that we do is we turn on the an oven in order to have at desired temperature.
C: This is something you might see in a recipe said that desired temperature is 450 degrees. So that means the temperature you want to achieve. May be when you turn the oven on, it is only 100 degrees.So you have to wait for the desired temperature which is what it is indicated in the recipe.
M: That's right. So this is what we want .We want desired temperature of 375 degrees.So now we got that done. Now we gonna make the butter.
C: The butter is the liquid. It is a cake. Before a cake become the cake.It's usually like very thick liquid. It is like a liquid, almost buttery milky substances. After you cooked it, it turned hard. So butter is the liquid form.
M: Right.So when you are making the cake, you make butter. Now it is different because if you are making pizza or you are making bread, it is not called butter.
C: No.If you're making pizza or bread because it is also thicker .They're called dough.
C: when still like milk.you know. Water is like liquid. We call it "butter".
M: Very good. So obviously to make butter, we add sugar , we add butter , we add egg.
and then what we want to do is we want to mix it. The other person asked "Well..What do i do? Do I have to use a whiz or electric mixer?"
C: These are tools, very important tools.You will find in most kitchen.
A whiz is like a spoon.It is made of metal and it is empty inside.
We use it for things like egg,milk and sugar. And It can goes very very quickly.
It makes like "sssssshh.." .Like a whiz sound.
M: Like wire. All around it.
C: Yeah. It is wire that wrapping together. So it is very very handy tool. You only use one hand to use it.But electric mixer, what the name said it is an electric. You plug it in and does it whiz automatically.
M: That is right.All right. So this is what we want to use.Before we put it butter into the baking pan,what we want to do first is we want to grease and flour the side of the baking pan so that you know it won't stick.
C: To grease something means to use oil or butter to make sure the meat or the dough that is not stick later.
M: That is right.So you can even use it for obviously in cooking terms , if you put butter or something like this but even grease like the black grease, may be you need to put it in your dough because may be it is making the whiz sound.
C: All right.So to grease something is add oil or add butter in order to keep something from sticking.
M: That's right. Ok. So a lot of words there now.Why don't we pass on to some phrases. Let's start with some fluency builder.
C: Now the beginning of the dialogue, we talked about the oven.The real phrase you are going to see in cook book is preheat the oven.
M: That's right.We have the prefix there "pre". Preheat something.That means to begin or start heating.
C: Now this is because when I turn my oven on, right marco , it is not 450 degrees .
C: It takes sometime to become hot.So we preheat the oven.We turn it on before we need it in order to make sure it is ready when we do need it.
M:That is right.So you gonna see it in every recipe if you are baking something, you need to preheat the oven .And when we are actually mixing something ,we come up with an interesting phrase when we said. We need to sift the flour and baking powder.
C: These are both white substances and soft and they are dry. Sometimes they are bumpy.They have lumps in them.So we need to make sure that there are no lumps.
We have a special tool that will help us sift the flour and sift the baking powder.
So it is like a wire match tool. And you rotate the handle, you turn the handle and it will flatten out these flour.So there are no more bumps. It's all smooth.
M: Ok.I think I heard it also when they are talking about gold,don't they say that they will sifting for gold in the rivers.
C: That's right.When you have a tray, you shake the tray to make sure that small gold fall down but the big,the chucks stand top. That is same idea.Yeah .
M: Ok. That what we are doing here.We are sifting the flour and the baking powder.
Now We put our cake in the oven. We asked "well.. how long do we bake it for?"
We say we can leave it in there for about twenty fives minutes.
C: So the phrase here to leave it in.To keep the cake in the oven.
This is something we can say about a lot of things.May be the turkey that we are cooking it in the oven.It has been in oven over 4 hours.I look at it .I say "Is it ready yet? My mom said No, leave it in".
M, C: Leave it in.yeah
C: So that means don't take it out. Keep it in the oven.Leave it in.
M: We don't really need to say leave it inside the oven or we don't need to be too specific.
We can just say leave it in.
C: Keep it cooking.
M: Ok. Let's listen our dialogue one last time.
M: Baking a cake seems easy enough.
Now may be some other things that we can add that we didn't mention. Like for example, vanilla extract.It mentioned in the recipe.So that is what is this ? It is like a liquid, right၊
C: It is liquid.It is flavour.So extract is used to give different food's flavour.
You can have orange extract and vanilla extract.The vanilla are actually it comes from beans, ground beans and they take the oil from the plants that will give thing like cake with vanilla flavour.
M: and now what about these baking pan? This is specifically for the cake.
What if you are making something like muffin or something.It is also called baking pan?
C: No.you have muffin tin or muffin pan.yeah. And so those are different shapes and they are round ,circular and they are made of that tin material.So they are not very heavy.
They can go into the oven and not break.Normally we have baking sheet which is flat.
Or a baking pan which will be for cake pan or something like that.It got size on it.
C: We have muffin tin which is for muffin.
M: and well we didn't mention it we actually have our cake but something that we always add on top of the cake or all over the cake.
C: Yeah.Not always.But most cakes ,at least most tasty cakes have frosting.
So that is something that you add after the cake is finished cooking.
M: That's right.Frosting is like cream or something that you add around the cake.
C: It is actually sugar and water.
M: Sugar and Water, Really?
C: You can add milk if you want to make it thicker.But I make frosting, I like to make from the scratch.That means I make it by myself. I use water and powder sugar.
M: Powder sugar and then you mix it.
C: You mix it. You whiz it.
M: And then you get the frost.
M: Very interesting.And well...may be this is.. this recipe is actually real although we didn't give the amount of quantity.But may be you can try baking a cake.Let us know
how it goes or may be you can give us a cake recipe.
C: That's right.Our web site is englishpod.com.We hope to see you guys there.